Composition and Classification of Simultaneous Interpretation Systems
A simultaneous interpretation system is a device used in meetings or other occasions where different languages are spoken. It translates the speaker's language (the original language) into other languages simultaneously and sends them to the audience through the device system.
Components of simultaneous interpretation system
The simultaneous interpretation system for meetings consists of interpretation units, language distribution systems, headphones, and simultaneous interpretation rooms. The original voice of the speaker is translated into other languages by the interpreter unit (wearing headphones and microphones) and distributed to the representative sound system according to the language distribution system.
The language distribution system can be divided into a wired language distribution system and a wireless audio conference system for language distribution according to the connection method of the equipment. According to the different methods of audio transmission, the language distribution system can be divided into analog language distribution systems and digital language distribution systems.
Classification of simultaneous interpretation system
The interpretation systems can be divided into direct interpretation and second interpretation. In actual use, in a conference system that uses multiple languages, direct interpretation requires the interpreter to understand multiple languages. For example, when a conference uses Chinese, English, French, and Russian, the interpreter is required to understand all four national languages, which is too demanding on the interpreter. The second interpretation of simultaneous interpretation means that the speaker's speech is first translated into a language familiar to each interpreter (second interpreter) by the first interpreter, and then the second interpreter translates it into another language. It can be seen that the second interpretation system has lower requirements for interpreters, only requiring understanding of two languages, and one fewer interpreter room than the number of languages used in the conference. However, compared with direct interpretation, the translation time of the second interpretation is slightly delayed, and the translation quality may be somewhat reduced. When using a multi-channel simultaneous interpretation system with many languages (eight or more), a mixed method is more reasonable, that is, some languages are directly interpreted, and other languages are secondarily interpreted.
Infrared simultaneous interpretation system is an infrared radiation transmission system. It uses infrared radiation panels and is installed on the walls or ceilings around the conference room. The audience uses the receiver located in the infrared radiation working area to receive the electromagnetic wave signal carrying the target language sent by the transmitter.
The advantage of the infrared simultaneous interpretation system is that it does not need to connect cables, the installation is relatively simple, and it can realize stable and reliable signal reception in the infrared radiation area.